- Miami Corn (Florida wild
type) These are usually a smallish corn snake with better specimens having
high contrasting light silver to gray ground color with orange blotches
surrounded in black. Selective breeding has lightened the ground color and
darkened the blotches. The "Miami" name, coined by Rich Zuchowski, now is
considered an appearance trait. Many Miami corn snakes are difficult to start
feeding as hatchlings, as they prefer lizards. Miami corns, unlike other
varieties, will often readily accept anoles as food for life. This can
simplify feeding for residents of Florida, but care should be taken to avoid
introducing parasites from wild caught food.
- Okeetee Corns (classic corns,
South Carolina wild type) These snakes are characterized by deep red dorsal
blotches surrounded by very black borders. The ground color varies with bright
orange being the most desirable. As with the Miami phase, selective breeding
has changed the term "Okeetee" to an appearance trait rather than a local
designation. Over hunting in their natural range for the pet trade has caused
a decline in wild Okeetee specimens. Responsible purchasers should seek
captive bred Okeetees.
- Amelanistic (red albino) corn
snakes, produced from a single recessive genetic mutation, show wide
variations in colors. They can be almost solid orange, to a dark orange on a
light orange background, or red/orange on a very light background. These
varying color schemes are due to reflective cells in the skin and
iridophores which may contribute to subtle shades of color. These red eyed
snakes lack the melanin pigment.
- Candy Cane corn snakes are
created with the goal of obtaining bright red blotches on a white background.
Some on the market originate solely from selectively breeding Miami corns.
Others are produced using light creamsicle (emery/albino corn hybrids x corn)
bred with Miami phase corns. Most candy canes develop orange coloration around
the neck region as they mature. Their bright red markings as hatchlings often
fade with maturity.
- Albino Okeetee (reverse
okeetee) an amelanistic okeetee corn snake which has the normal black rings
around blotches replaced with wide white rings. Most are high contrast snakes
with light orange to yellow background and dark orange-ish / red saddles.
Note: Albino Okeetees are not okeetees, they are selectively bred amelanistics
- Sunglow corn snakes are
another designer albino corn that lacks the usual white speckling that often
appears in most albinos. The orange background surrounds dark orange blotches.
- Charcoal These Anerythristic
type 'B' snakes are lacking the yellow color pigment usually found in all corn
snakes. This morph is the starter for blizzard corns.
- Anerythristic (black albino)
are the compliment to amelanism. The inherited recessive mutation of lacking
erythrin (red, yellow, and orange) pigments produce a snake that is mostly
black and gray. When mature, many type A anerythristic corn snakes develop
yellow on their neck regions. In 1984 a wild caught Type B anerythristic corn
snake was caught which is the ancestor of anerythristics missing the yellow
neck regions. Similar snakes include: stonewashed -- copper or light brown
blotches; charcoal (aka muted anerythristic, Pine Island anerythristic)-- type
B anerythristic, very low contrast with shaded of gray on white and black
- Snow (white albino) are a
blending of the amelanistic and anerythristic recessive traits. These
predominantly white snakes tend to have yellow neck and throat regions when
mature. Light blotches and background colors have subtle shades of beige,
ivory, pink, green, or yellow.
- Blizzard corns resulted from
a type B anerythristic corn caught in 1984. Blizzards are a totally white
snake with very little to no visible pattern.
- Hypomelanistic or rosy corn
snakes carry a recessive trait that reduces the dark pigments causing the
reds, whites, and oranges to become more vivid. Their eyes remain dark. These
snakes range in appearance between amelanistic corns snakes to normals with
greatly reduced melanin.
- Ghost corn snakes are a
hypomelanistic anerythristic (type A) snakes. They exhibit varying shades of
grays, browns, and blacks on a lighter background. These often create pastel
colors in: lavenders, pinks, oranges, and browns.
- Bloodred corn snakes carry a
recessive trait that eliminates ventral checkered patterns. These originated
from a somewhat unicolor Jacksonville and Gainesville, Florida strain of corn
snake. Through selective breeding, an almost solid ground color has been
produced. Hatchlings have a slight pattern that fade as they mature into a
solid orange red to ash red colored snake. The earlier bloodreds tend to have
large clutches of smaller than average eggs that produce hard to feed
offspring. Through out crossing with amelanistic and anerythristic corns
hatchlings tend to be larger with fewer feeding problems.
- Butter corns (snow caramel)
cultured by Rich Zuchowski from a female purchased in Florida marked with
blotches on an unusual straw colored background. Selective breeding has
produced intense yellow colored corns snakes with yellow markings.
- Caramel corns are another
Rich Zuchowski engineered corn snake. The background is varying shades of
yellow to yellow brown. Dorsal blotches vary from caramel yellow, brown, and
rich chocolate brown.
- Amber corns are a
hypomelanistic caramel snake with amber markings on a brownish background.
- Lavender corn snakes contain
a light pink background with darker purple gray markings and burgundy eyes or
lavender gray blotches on an orange-ish background. Variation with this same
genetic strain are arguably called: mocha, cocoa, and chocolate.
- Albino lavender look like
blizzard corns once mature with pink to purple highlights.
- Crimson (hypomelanistic
Miami) are very light high contrast snakes with a light background and dark
- Fluorescent orange develop
white borders around bright red blotches as adults on an orange background.
- Pewter or Peppercorn
(Type B Anerytheristic blood red) are silvery lavender with very slight
blotches as adults.
- Creamsicle are hybrids
between an albino corn snake and an emory's rat snake/common corn cross. These
snakes bring out the yellow and downplay the reds of the corn snake. Most are
varying shades of yellow with darker yellow to orangish blotches. Clutches are
generally smaller in number but produce larger more vigorous hatchlings.
Creamsicle with less emory background and increased amelanistic corn generally
have lighter backgrounds and red to orange saddles (red creamsicle).
- Jungle corns are hybrids
using the corn snake and
California Kingsnake (Lampropeltis getula californiae). These show
extreme pattern variations taking markings from both parents -- sometimes
looking very similar to one parent or the other. However, as a hybrid of
different species, these attractive snakes are typically sterile.
- Aztec: blotches and spots are
exhibited in various sizes
- Milksnake phase: banded
blotches resembling coastal plains
- Motley: a catch all name for
irregularities -- ranging from exhibiting an aberrant line of light colored
spots, fused blotches, to stripes down the back
- Striped phase: a single
stripe running longitudinally from head to tail
- Zigzag (zipper): dorsal
blotches connected forming a "zigzag" type pattern
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